The Branch is receiving regular requests for advice and guidance on the provision and use of face masks in the workplace. As the guidance was changing rapidly, it was almost impossible to keep our knowledge relevant for that moment in time.  As Government guidance is now not as ‘fluid’ as it once was, this article may remain ‘relevant’ for long enough for it to be read. 

This is an abbreviated version of a recent article contained in the Safety and Health Practitioner. The full article can be found here: https://www.shponline.co.uk/ppe/face-coverings-in-the-workplace/?elq_mid=4350&elq_cid=289953

Hopefully it will answer some of the many of the FAQ’s the Branch is receiving, with the proviso, Government guidance is still changing on a regular basis,

To get some recommendations on face coverings in the workplace, for employers and employees, SHP spoke to Arco’s Director of QSHE UK and Asia, Neil Hewitt.

Face coverings in the workplace

Is a face covering and a face mask the same thing?
“No, it’s important to distinguish between face coverings, face masks and PPE such as respirators.

“A face covering can be any covering of the mouth and nose, made of cloth or other textiles and through which an individual can breathe. Religious face coverings, a scarf, a snood or a bandana can count as face coverings.

“Face coverings are not manufactured to a recognised standard and do not require CE marking. They are not the same as face masks which are manufactured to specifications for medical/surgical masks (which are deemed as medical devices in accordance with the EU Medical Device Regulations) and classified as Type I, Type II or Type IIR.

“Importantly, they should not be used as an alternative to PPE which is used to manage risks in the workplace. Respirators or filter masks FFP2, FFP3 are manufactured to recognised standards for PPE and classified as category III personal protective equipment under the PPE Regulations.”

What is the current government advice for face coverings in the workplace?
“There is no one piece of guidance about face coverings in the workplace as there are so many different working environments. The Government Guidance series of documents ‘Working Safely’ provide links to ‘When and Where to Wear Face Coverings’.

The ‘Working Safely’ guidance, issued by the Government, can be found at this link:
https://www.gov.uk/guidance/working-safely-during-coronavirus-covid-19
It will require a search to find the relevant guidance.

“The Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) stresses the importance of undertaking a risk assessment to identify risks posed by COVID-19 and to use this to determine the correct control measures to introduce. It has provided guidance for specific industrial sectors.

“The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) makes similar recommendations, that if workers choose to wear a face covering, then they should be supported.”

Should employers require employees to wear face coverings?
“Employers have a duty to protect workers from harm to health which could happen as a result of a work related activity and therefore this includes taking reasonable steps to protect workers and others from COVID-19. Therefore, legally, employers are required take all reasonably practicable measures to protect employees and members of the public. However, for the workplace, the guidance does not recommend employees wear face masks, but for the risk to be managed through other control measures.

“It is not compulsory for shop, supermarket, bank, post office or transport workers to wear face coverings, although guidance recommends that employers may consider their use where appropriate and where other mitigations are not in place, and this advice could be considered for other environments as well. There is increasing evidence to suggest that the wearing of face coverings will not only prevent the spread of the virus but can also go some way to protect the wearer. Therefore, it could be considered as additional protection alongside other control measures.”

Can employers require employees to wear face masks?
“Whilst it is not mandatory, there are some circumstances when wearing a face covering may be marginally beneficial. Employers should also note that the use of occupational workwear and PPE should continue to apply.”

Do employers cover the costs of employee face coverings?
“If a risk assessment identifies that face coverings are recommended, then an employer should provide these free of charge to workers who need them.”

What if an employee declines to wear a face covering for medical reasons?
“In some situations, there may be exemptions to wearing face coverings due to age, health or equality reasons or there may be a reasonable excuse not to wear them. Check local guidelines for information.

“There are some people who should not wear a face covering, namely:

•Those who have trouble breathing;
•Anyone who finds it difficult to manage them correctly due to a physical or mental illness or impairment, or disability;
•Those who would suffer severe distress.
“For those who are unable to wear face coverings, a face visor may be used, but it should cover the wearer’s nose and mouth completely.”

If workers wear cloth face coverings, do employers still need to ensure social distancing measures in the workplace?
“Face coverings are not a replacement for the other ways of managing risk, including social distancing, hygiene, using fixed teams and partnering, and enhanced cleaning. These other measures remain the best ways of managing risk and it is not recommended that employers rely on face coverings as risk management.”

How should employers choose appropriate face coverings?
“Face coverings are neither PPE nor medical products and therefore do not conform to any official standards. Employers will need to use different criteria to choose a face covering that is suitable.

“Employers should consider the performance efficiencies of the face covering including:

•Filtration efficiency (FE);
•Bacterial filtration efficiency;
•Breathability.
“These should be considered alongside other features that will affect the fit and the use of the mask, such as:

•Shape;
•Fastening;
•Wash ability.”

If you fond this article interesting and informative.  SHP have an article on ‘Face fit testing’ of face masks.  It can be found at this link: https://www.shponline.co.uk/ppe/face-fit-testing-the-essentials/

In Solidarity

Rob Turner

Branch Secretary